29 September 2017

Determinants of foreign direct investment: an institutional perspective (MSc Thesis)

O Investimento Direto Estrangeiro (IDE) desempenha um papel, cada vez mais importante, nas economias do mundo inteiro. Os IDE permitem aos países de acolhimento, um aumento das trocas comerciais, a criação de pólos de competitividade, a transferência de tecnologia, a modernização de empresas locais e a criação de emprego. Reconhecendo estes efeitos, as economias em desenvolvimento implementam medidas de atratividade para beneficiar dos IDE. A qualidade das instituições torna-se um fator que explica as diferenças entre os países; uma melhor qualidade das instituições é um meio eficaz de atratividade de IDE. Este trabalho tem como objetivo analisar a relação das variáveis institucionais com o IDE. Com base no conjunto de mais de 200 países pelo período, aproximado, de 60 anos, encontraram-se evidências de uma relação causal entre essas variáveis e o IDE. Para tal, recorre-se ao uso do método dos dados em painel e os estimadores de efeitos fixos. Como variáveis explicativas foram escolhidos diversos fatores, mas no caso das institucionais selecionaram-se nomeadamente: corrupção, instabilidade política, peso do governo, a qualidade da moeda, regulação dos mercados, os direitos de propriedade e a liberdade do comércio. Os resultados apontam que o peso do governo é significativo, o que indica que as economias com menor peso do governo apresentam maior participação do IDE no PIB. O mesmo acontece com o acesso a uma moeda sã/segura e um menor peso da regulação dos mercados. No que diz respeito ao arcabouço legal acerca dos direitos de propriedade e a liberdade do comércio, estes não tendem a ter impacto sobre os IDE. E quanto ao sistema legal dos direitos de propriedade, os resultados sugerem uma certa indiferença por parte do investidor em IDE. 

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) plays an increasingly important role in economies around the world. FDI allows host countries to benefit from an increase in trade, the creation of centers of competitiveness, technology transfer, modernization of local businesses and jobs. Recognizing these effects, developing economies implement attractiveness measures to benefit from FDI. The quality of institutions becomes a factor that explains the differences between countries; a better quality of institutions is an effective mean of attracting FDI.This paper aims to analyze the relationship between institutional variables and FDI. Based on the set of more than 200 countries for the approximate period of 60 years, evidence of a causal relationship between these variables and FDI was found. For this purpose, the panel data method and the fixed effects estimators were used. As explanatory variables, a number of factors were chosen, but in the case of institutional ones, the following were selected: corruption, political instability, government size, quality of the money, market regulation, legal system and property rights, and freedom of trade. The results indicate that the government size is significant, which indicates that the economies with smaller governments show greater share of FDI in GDP. The same is true for access sound money and for lighter market regulation. With regard to the legal system and property rights and freedom of trade, they do not tend to have an impact on FDI. And, as for the legal system of property rights, the results suggest certain indifference from the foreign investors.


by Sylvia Ferreira dos Santos

25 September 2017

Post-Doc in land-change analysis

Post-Doc in land-change analysis

Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL
The Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL is a part of the ETH domain. Approximately 500 people work on the sustainable use and protection of the environment and on the handling of natural hazards.

The Research Unit Landscape Dynamics studies patterns, causes and processes of landscape change. The ERC-project CONCUR develops and tests a theoretical model on how planning contributes to the development of urban regions. For this, WSL is offering a position starting in February 2018 as a
Post-Doc in land-change analysis
You will test for the urban region of Austin, TX (USA) the theoretical model and tools currently designed by the CONCUR team. This test will be conducted in collaboration with testing efforts in two other areas. Specifically, you will conduct expert interviews, analyze planning documents and perform spatial analyses in GIS to perform an in-depth case study of the past two decades of change in land use and land cover, driving forces, and regional planning. Furthermore you will develop a spatially explicit model (for example with CLUE-S or Sleuth) of regional land-change. You will estimate the contribution of planning and its actors to land change in the Austin TX region. In collaboration with the CONCUR team you will integrate the findings into an overall evaluation on how planning contributes to the development of urban regions.
You have a PhD degree in geography, environmental sciences, spatial planning or equivalent. Significant experience in land-change modelling, spatial analysis, qualitative research methods, GIS and R is expected. Familiarity with US-American planning is a plus. You are expected to spend some time for field work in Austin TX. You have very good English skills and experiences in publishing. You are communicative and very interested in developing innovative, problem-oriented and pragmatic solutions.
Please send your complete application to Sabine Hirt, Human Resources WSL. Anna Hersperger, anna.hersperger@wsl.ch, will be happy to answer any questions or offer further information on the position. The WSL strives to increase the proportion of women in its employment, which is why qualified women are particularly called upon to apply for this position.

Arcplan invites authors interested in the exploration of urban design and planning in the Arab world

Arcplan invites authors interested in the exploration of urban design and planning in the Arab world to submit original works that include both empirical and theoretical research, although cross-boundary regional research is simultaneously appreciated. Arcplan also encourages ‘controversial’ discussions that raises lead threads on contemporary development challenges. For more details please visit Arcplan website http://goo.gl/cjy43U #ArcPlan #open_access #journal #arab_world #planning #urban_design #architecture #architects #design

Xosé Henrique Vázquez analiza o estado da innovación en Galicia

21 September 2017

Post doctoral researcher project Branding as new governance tool (1,0 FTE, 4 years)

At the department of Public Administration and Sociology  there is a vacancy for a post doc working on the field of new forms of governance especially branding in governance processes. The post doc will be employed for 4 years and be financed by two grants. First of all through a grant in the Vital Cities program of the Erasmus University and secondly additional founding will be secured through the EU funded research project Tropico. International research activities (possibly case studies but maybe also other research activities like experiments) are very likely to be part of the research.
Participating in two projects
Within the vital cities project the post doc will work on the theme branding as new governance tool to include citizens to tackle social problems. Brands, especially when created and sustained interactively, can create identity and a sense of belonging but also motivate other actors to co-operate in tackling social problems. In this research we explore the possibilities of branding for creating identity, enhancing participation and strengthening resilience by several research methods :
-  case studies to explore the participation effect of branding
-  Experiments to test the identity forming of branding
-  Q sort research to test stakeholders perceptions on branding.
Valorization is secured by reaching out to the municipality of Rotterdam and connecting it to the new Faculty’s incubator GovernEUR.
The EU (2020) TROPICO project (Transforming into Open, Innovative and Collaborative Governments) aims to comparatively examine how public administrations are transformed to enhance collaboration in policy design and service delivery, advancing the participation of public, private and societal actors. It analyses collaboration in and by governments, with a special emphasis on the use of information and communication technologies (ICT), and its consequences. The post doc will especially work on the work packages that are aimed at Public Private Partnerships and democratic legitimacy (case studies and Qualitative Comparative analysis will be employed).
The post doc will work closely with other researchers on the two projects and be part of a larger research team that jointly works on research and research outputs. For the TROPICO research the post doc will cooperate with various researchers in other countries.
Finally, the postdoc will assist in teaching for the master programme.


New report summerises the knowledge and knowledge gaps on plastics in Nordic marine species


How is ecosystem services included in policy?

18 September 2017

The Place Dimension of Cities & Regions: Governance, Industrial Development & Sustainability

Plenary SpeakersProfessor Lisa de Propris, University of Birmingham, UKDr. Christian Ketels, Harvard Business School, USAMoray Gilland, European Commission, BelgiumProfessor Karen Chapple, University of California, Berkeley, USAJon Potter, OECD, FranceProfessor David Bailey, Aston University, UK
Dr. Phil Tomlinson, University of Bath, UKPlenary ChairsMark Tewdwr-Jones, Newcastle University, UK
Sally Hardy, Regional Studies Association, UK
Sarah Ayres, University of Bristol, UK
Joan Fitzgerald, Northeastern University, USA
Submission & Registration Details RSA members benefit from a reduced members rate and the non-members rate will include RSA membership for 1 year.
Please submit your abstract (250 words) through the Regional Studies Association
conference portal by 21st September 2017. Please click here to see the Call for Papers, to read more about the conference please click here. Proposals will be considered by the Conference Programme Committee against the criteria of originality and interest, subject balance and geographical spread.

You may also wish to attend the annual RSA President’s Event (awards ceremony & dinner) which is taking place on 16th November (the evening of the first day of the conference) in London. Places are limited and pre-registration is essential.

6 September 2017

Six farmers shot dead over land rights battle in Peru

Six farmers have been shot dead by a criminal gang who wanted to seize their farms to muscle in on the lucrative palm oil trade, according to indigenous Amazon leaders in Peru.
Local leaders in the central Amazon region of Ucayali say the victims were targeted last Friday because they had refused to give up their land.
A police report seen by the Guardian details how the farmers’ bodies were found early on Saturday dumped in a stream near the Bajo Rayal hamlet where the men had lived.

1 September 2017

Governance Networks in the Public Sector

ONLINE NOW: Oliveira, E. (2017) Book Review - Governance Networks in the Public Sector.
Governance, 30(4): 732.734.

Special issue in European Planning Studies Spatial planning and place branding: rethinking relations and synergies

Introduction:  Kristof Van Assche, Raoul Beunen and Eduardo Oliveira  Rethinking planning-branding relations: an introduction . https:...