Is Urban Planning Having an Identity Crisis?, Professor Gert de Roo, Dep. Spatial Planning, Uni. Groningen clarifies
"Urbanization today is so much more complicated, it requires an approach far beyond trying to make sure the world is nicely dealt with and comfortable, de Roo said. In a future with great uncertainty, planning must be more versatile, adopting multiple methodologies. This involves funky concepts of ground-up, crowd-sourced “self organization” and “spontaneous order,” according to de Roo and other presenters in the session."