28 December 2011

Germany, Berlin: Bike city


GERMANY, BERLIN: BIKE CITY

By OLAF GEIGER
It was in Berlin, city of rampant car-mania, that I first fell for the bicycle. Berlin has always been a hotbed of new ideas and experimental lifestyles, but now that it is no longer an isolated outpost of western ways, the possibilities for change become even more interesting. The city is still choked by a million petrol engines, but it becomes obvious by the day that it is, potentially, a perfect city for cycling. It's flat, and it's compact: when the city was a state within an inhospitable state extending the suburbs was not an option (in the western part at least). As a result, the three million Berliners have easy access to the glorious lakes and woods of the previously forbidden hinterland.
Surprisingly, the city centre still has plenty of green areas, allowing cyclists to slip through parks, and alongside waterways, clear of the raging traffic. For longer distances bikes can be carried on the S-Bahn rail system, and (for now) on the underground. This is a fine way to reach the surrounding countryside.
In spite of all this, the bicycle hardly figures in city politics. Any pro-cycling measure is usually cancelled out by a simultaneous step backwards. For example, priority lanes for buses, taxis and bicycles were recently installed on various major thoroughfares. Unfortunately they were designed in such a way that they led to constant friction between bus drivers and cyclists. Sensing a good local story, the press has taken to vilifying cyclists. The Berlin branch of the ADFC (the German national cycling club) responded succinctly in their quarterly magazine Radzeit: 'As in previous years, there has been no known case of a cyclist failing to see a motorist and killing him in the resulting collision. The ADFC and the Berlin cycle campaign group Grunge Rader have for years been tirelessly fighting the obstinacy of officialdom and the mindless demands of the motor lobby.
The ADFC's Radlerzentrum (Cycling Centre) acts as a meeting place for all cyclists. It organises cycle tours and events, provides a self-help cycle workshop, and it is also a resource centre, offering cycle maps, cycle touring literature, and general cycling books.
Visitors to Berlin are welcome to take part in the now traditional bike demo, on the first Sunday in the month, under heavy police escort. The high point of the campaigning year is the great critical mass Star Ride, when thousands cycle in from gathering points around the city, for a huge demonstration in the city centre.
Berlin has over a hundred bike shops, from the high-tech to the low-budget. Some are Aladdin's caves of unorthodox bikes; others are humble repair stations and self-help workshops. Some offer hire bikes, others guided cycle tours of the city.

Germany, Berlin: Bike city - a Bike Culture article on Cyclorama

Lonely Planet’s Best in Travel: top 10 cities for 2012


Lonely Planet’s Best in Travel: top 10 cities for 2012

Tower Bridge and the River Thames at night - London, Greater London' England
  • Fishing boats moored in south Muscat.
  • Flower sellers at Krishnarajendra (City) Market.
  • Beach scene on Costa de la Luz.
  • A view of the island of Stadsholmen, the heart of central Stockholm.
  • Fountain in Largo do Toural park.
View gallery
After globe-trotting research and fierce debate, Lonely Planet has come to a decision on its favourite cities for 2012. As always, our shortlist has some known gems and a few to raise a quizzical eyebrow, but each one is poised for greatness in 2012. While sporting events are bringing new adrenaline to a couple of classic destinations, other cities in our list have bounced back from difficult times with a renewed lease of life. The coming year will put all of these cities in a fresh light, whether they’re showing new flair with music and art festivals or dusting off preconceptions by showing their wilder streak. Without further ado, here’s our top 10 cities for 2012.

1. London

London is going for the knock-out blow in 2012. The Olympics are riding into town and a whole swath of the capital is being transformed in the process. London’s east will be thrust into the spotlight but the rest of the capital will be rolling out the red carpet too. Seeing Tower Bridge lift its bascules to let a tall ship pass beneath is all stately grace, as opposed to your first rush-hour trip on the tube, getting up close and personal with strangers of every colour, creed and nationality. Mind the gap! Whoever you cheer for, you won’t be alone in this most international of cities.

2. Muscat

Oman is firing on all fronts to attract international visitors, expanding everything from its museums to its resorts. Muscat is the focus for the revamp, with cultural events, luxury accommodation and aquatic activities taking centre stage. This year it’s all about Qurum’s trendy designer outlets, Old Town souks and wacky water sports enlivening its coastline alongside traditional dhows. Muscatis are still genuinely interested to see visitors, so much so that first-timers might have the odd feeling of returning to the house of an old friend. ‘Tomorrow will be a new dawn on Muscat,’ the Sultan pledged upon attaining power in 1970. Today in Muscat, the sun has well and truly risen.

3. Bengaluru (Bangalore)

The undisputed Elvis of South Asian megacities, Bengaluru is in a class of its own when it comes to redefining flamboyance. Perpetually drunk on the good life, this South Indian metropolis packs in the best brews, the scrummiest cuisines, and the liveliest arts and music scene, not to mention the hippest population you could hang out with. This year, evenings in the ‘capital of cool’ are poised to get even more intoxicating. And if the maddening traffic has always been your concern, take heart: Bengaluru’s new high-speed Metro network now ensures that your favourite watering hole is easier to reach than ever. There’s only one thing you could say to that: ‘Chillmaadi!’

4. Cádiz

It might normally look like a peaceful pocket of old-world Spain, complete with old men in flat caps shuffling about in cafe-lined squares. But once a year, sleepy Cádiz undergoes a Superman-like transformation and hosts Spain’s most raucous carnival – a 10-day bender of drinking, singing and dancing. The locals are famed throughout Spain for their wit, and this is put to the test during February’s carnival where groups wearing lipstick and neon wigs perform satirical skits. Cádiz has found itself named Ibero-American Capital of Culture for 2012 – the first time a European city has held the honour. It may not pull the same crowds as Seville or Córdoba, but few places embody the spirit of gutsy Andalucían living like Cádiz.

5. Stockholm

The film release of The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo might have prompted a new wave of Stieg Larsson fans to look for the grimy side of Stockholm. Unfortunately they’ll have to look quite hard, because Stockholm looks as perfect as it’s ever been. This is as seductive a capital city as can be imagined – cosy yet cosmopolitan, wilfully alternative and effortlessly picturesque. With its trendy design shops and bohemian bars, the island of Södermalm is one of the coolest kids on the block, while the stately parks of Djurgården make it the best island for an evening stroll. Admittedly Stockholm has never been a cheap date. But even if Stockholm leaves you with a lighter wallet, you’ll inevitably still leave it with a heavy heart.

6. Guimarães

This northern Portugal city is breathtakingly beautiful, as recognised by its place on the Unesco World Heritage List, yet mysteriously it doesn’t figure on the radars of many foreign visitors. The old city is a beguiling tangle of medieval, red-roofed, colonnaded buildings, punctuated by awe-inspiring mansions and palaces, and centred on a spikily crenellated castle. Now is the moment to visit, as the city has been anointed the European Capital of Culture in 2012. Building on an already impressive cultural scene and fired up by its significantly youthful population, the city will be a hot spot of artistic endeavour throughout the year, with creative artists gathering from across Portugal and Europe to showcase their work.

7. Santiago

Calamity came calling to Chile, first through an 8.8-magnitude earthquake and later when 33 miners were trapped in the country’s north. With the world watching, Chile displayed its defiant optimism, and these experiences have seemed to ignite a seismic shift in the capital. Culture and sports have come to the fore and new museums have opened to acclaim. Dining is now top-notch, nightlife exhilarating and this year also marks the inauguration of the tallest building on the continent, the 70-storey Torre Gran Costanera. Day trippers can scale an Andean peak in summer, ski its powder-clad slopes in July, or cycle through the idyllic vineyards of the Casablanca, Maipo and Colchagua valleys. Visit Santiago and you’ll feel the buzz.

8. Hong Kong

The mood in China’s most liberated city is edgier and more vocal than ever. This will be a particularly exciting year for Hong Kong, as it continues its march towards full democracy. Rallies are infused with theatrics and eruptions of song, dance and poetry, reflecting the city’s vibrant indie music and literary scenes. Enjoy views of skyscrapers marching up hills from the Star Ferry, before challenging your senses at a wet market or divining your future at a temple. Go shopping, gallery hopping and check out the bars of Soho. Explore walled villages or go hiking on Asia’s most breathtaking trails. Whatever you do, sprinkle your day generously and boldly with some of the city’s 11,000 restaurants.

9. Orlando

This should be a great year for Orlando as it’s hosting the 61st NBA All-Star Weekend  (25 and 26 February). The hippest sporting event in the USA , it brings much of the basketball and music worlds together for slam-dunk contests, after-hours parties and concerts, as well as the all-star game itself. Most visitors will head for the theme parks but it’s worth poking around the city, too. Keep an eye on the boho ‘Milk District’, a neighbourhood on the rise with its motley crew of eateries, bars serving microbrews, bookshops and tattoo parlours, just a short drive east of downtown. Orlando, hip? Who knew?

10. Darwin

It was once easy to dismiss Darwin as a frontier town full of brawling fishermen, dreamy hippies and redneck truckers. But with a pumping nocturnal scene, magical markets and restaurants, and world-class wilderness areas just down the road, today Darwin is the triumph of Australia’s Top End. Beat the crowds to the redeveloping Waterfront Precinct with its wave pool, bars and wharf eateries; or score some brilliant Indigenous art before East Coast galleries snap it up and charge double. Nose your way through the food stalls at Mindil Beach Sunset Market, then watch the sun melt into the Timor Sea. When southern Australia is chilling through winter, here it’s blue skies, party nights and sleeping late.

http://www.lonelyplanet.com/england/london/travel-tips-and-articles/76861#

Alto do Minho

27 December 2011

EcoTretas: Príncipes em greve

EcoTretas: Príncipes em greve:

Amanhã, os utilizadores de transportes públicos, terão mais um dia infernal, cortesia das greves previstas para o Metro de Lisboa, CP, Carri...

Iberian Peninsula at Night


Iberian Peninsula at Night

http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=76777&src=share

The city lights of Spain and Portugal define the Iberian Peninsula in this photograph from the International Space Station (ISS). Several large metropolitan areas are visible, marked by their relatively large and brightly lit areas, including the capital cities of Madrid, Spain—located near the center of the peninsula’s interior—and Lisbon, Portugal—located along the southwestern coastline. The ancient city of Seville, visible to the north of the Strait of Gibraltar, is one of the largest cities in Spain. The astronaut view is looking toward the east, and is part of atime-lapse series of images.

The network of smaller cities and towns along the coastline and in the interior attest to the extent of the human presence on the Iberian landscape. The blurring of city lights is caused by thin cloud cover (image left and center), while cloud tops are dimly illuminated by moonlight. Though obscured, the lights of France are visible near the horizon line on the upper left, while the lights of northern Africa are more clearly discernable at right. The faint gold and green line of airglow—caused by ultraviolet radiation exciting the gas molecules in the upper atmosphere—parallels the horizon (or Earth limb).

The Iberian Peninsula is the southwestern-most of the European peninsulas (together with the Italian and Balkan peninsulas), and includes the Principality of Andorra, as well as the Kingdom of Spain and the Portuguese Republic. The approximately 590,000 square kilometer landmass is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the northwest, west, and southwest and the Mediterranean Sea to the east. Its northeastern boundary is marked bythe Pyrenees mountain range.

Astronaut photograph ISS030-E-10008 was acquired on December 4, 2011, with a Nikon D3S digital camera using a 24 mm lens, and is provided by the ISS Crew Earth Observations experiment and Image Science & Analysis Laboratory, Johnson Space Center. The image was taken by the Expedition 30 crew. The image has been cropped and enhanced to improve contrast. Lens artifacts have been removed. The International Space Station Program supports the laboratory as part of the ISS National Lab to help astronauts take pictures of Earth that will be of the greatest value to scientists and the public, and to make those images freely available on the Internet. Additional images taken by astronauts and cosmonauts can be viewed at the NASA/JSC Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth. Caption by William L. Stefanov, Jacobs Technology/ESCG at NASA-JSC.

Instrument:
ISS - Digital Camera

1 December 2011

RollingStone elege Mourinho como “Rockstar do ano” | P3

RollingStone elege Mourinho como “Rockstar do ano” | P3

Revista

RollingStone elege Mourinho como “Rockstar do ano”

A ilustração do treinador português do Real Madrid vem na capa da revista musical, acompanhada da frase “A maquiavélica arte de deixar nervoso todo o mundo”


Gas-rich Mozambique may be headed for a disaster

The extractive gas industry in Mozambique has done more damage than  good for Mozambicans. https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/gas-...